Peter E. Coughlin, October 2018
Since the Lusaka Peace Accords of 1992, Mozambique has relied heavily on large and mega-investments by multinational corporations to spur economic transformation in manufacturing. To understand what has been done well or badly in the negotiations for these and what can be learnt to improve the country’s negotiation capabilities and the consequent benefits, this study examines six negotiations for large and mega-projects. Though the document files for these cases are far from complete, their analysis reveals major structural, technical and legal deficiencies affecting the ability of Mozambique’s negotiators to shape agreements for large and mega-projects to best promote jobs, upstream and downstream linkages and economic and social development.
Neil Balchin (Research Fellow, ODI) 11 June 2018 This blog is part of our ‘Making Firms Work’ series. Read other blogs in the series: on Tanzanian textile manufacturer A to Z, Nepali ICT firm CloudFactory and Kenyan garment firm Hela. The presence of Midal shows that clustering around megaprojects can help build manufacturing in Mozambique, … Continue reading “Neil Balchin (ODI) | Making Firms Work Series | Midal and clustering around megaprojects in Mozambique”
Neil Balchin, Peter Coughlin, Phyllis Papadavid, Dirk Willem te Velde and Kasper Vrolijk, October 2017
Mozambique’s gross domestic product (GDP) has grown annually by 5–7% in real terms over the past decade, but this has not been accompanied by structural change or sufficient job creation. The country requires a different focus towards economic transformation to address the very challenging short-term macroeconomic situation and create much-needed jobs in a sustainable way. This report on economic transformation and job creation in Mozambique synthesises 30 recent studies to understand commonalities and differences on promising sectors and value chains in Mozambique, binding constraints to developing these activities, and policies that have been suggested to achieve these.
Neil Balchin (Research Fellow, ODI) 16 October 2017 Many countries in Africa are facing a looming jobs crisis. According to the African Development Bank, only one-fifth of the 12 million young people entering African labour markets each year are able to find waged employment. Rapidly expanding working-age populations on the continent only intensify competition for … Continue reading “Neil Balchin (ODI) | Mozambique needs to act now to avert a jobs crisis”
The Heads of State and Government of the African Union in their decisions Assembly/AU/4(XXXIII) of 10 February 2020 and Ext/Assembly/AU/Decl.1(XII) of 5 January 2021 mandated negotiations for an E-commerce Protocol to the African Continental Free Trade Area and endorsed December 2021 as the deadline for its conclusion, respectively. This paper analyses digital trade provisions in existing South–South (S–S) trade agreements, with the aim of helping negotiators and policymakers from Africa better understand the practical policy implications behind typically existing and upcoming digital trade-related provisions. This can help guide the design of an effective E-commerce Protocol in the AfCFTA that facilitates inclusive development in Africa.
Neil Balchin (Research Fellow ODI, David Booth (Senior Research Associate, ODI) and Dirk Willem te Velde
(Principal Research Fellow, ODI) 9 April 2019 A new Gatsby Africa-ODI paper detailing sector transformation in eleven African and Asian cases shows how sector dynamics depend crucially on correct identification of the economic opportunities, conducive political-economic conditions at the sector level, credible commitments to investors, reasonably good provision of public goods, specific efforts to tackle investment coordination problems and taking advantage of a moment of unusual opportunity.
DOWNLOAD CASE STUDY Summary One core objective of the Supporting Economic Transformation (SET) programme has been to establish the programme as a ‘centre for global knowledge’ on economic transformation and make a significant contribution to academic and policy debates on the best ways to achieve it in practice. This impact case study explores how SET … Continue reading “Impact case study: Establishing the SET programme as a ‘centre for global knowledge’ on economic transformation”
Karishma Banga, ODI
18 December 2018
Funkidz, a one-of-a-kind Kenyan small or medium enterprise (SME), has successfully managed to leverage digital technologies to increase its global competitiveness. Founded by a female entrepreneur, Wanjiru Waweru-Waithaka, Funkidz manufactures furniture for children locally. It has successfully embraced digital technology to innovate, diversify and survive in a challenging market place.
Dirk Willem te Velde (SET Programme Director, ODI) 4 January 2018 Job creation has taken centre stage globally as an issue over the past few years. Failure to create jobs in the inland US was key to the presidential victory of Donald Trump, job losses in northern England contributed to the Brexit referendum outcome in … Continue reading “Dirk Willem te Velde (ODI) | Economic transformation and job creation: trends to watch in 2018”
How to Grow Manufacturing and Create Jobs in a Digital Economy: 10 Policy Priorities for Kenya Karishma Banga and Dirk Willem te Velde, November 2018 DOWNLOAD BRIEFING Using Data to Assess the Contribution of DFIs to Economic Transformation Alberto F. Lemma, October 2018 DOWNLOAD BRIEFING Skills Development Funds: Lessons from Asia Aarti Krishnan and Stephen … Continue reading "Briefings"
Phyllis Papadavid (Senior Research Fellow – Team Leader of International Macroeconomics, ODI) 19 June 2017 Further US dollar weakness The US dollar rose by 5% in trade-weighted terms following the US election of President Trump in November 2016. Since its peak at the end of December 2016, the dollar has reversed all of its post-election rise … Continue reading “Phyllis Papadavid (ODI) | How a weaker US dollar could support economic transformation”
Manufacturing is also a key element in the African Development Bank’s Hi-Fives (Industrialize Africa) and a priority area in Goal number two of the African Union’s Vision 2063. ACET in partnership with the Oversees Development Institute (ODI) and the Government of Ethiopia organised the manufacturing chapter meeting of PACT. The aim of the manufacturing meeting was to kick start a continuous conversation for African leaders to shape their countries’ industrialisation issues in the context of Africa’s transformation agenda.
Nigeria has so far missed the opportunity to embark on progressive economic transformation as characterised by a reallocation of economic activities away from low- towards high-productivity activities. Rather, under the rubrics of laissez-faire policy and its associated aversion to development planning, during the high-growth era of 2000–14 Nigeria experienced a perverse form of economic transformation, whereby economic activities shifted from low-productivity agriculture and high-productivity manufacturing to other low-productivity other industry and services.
Download note Availability of data differs by country, the note provides an overview of data availability for economic structure and trade data across the following 28 countries: Afghanistan Bangladesh Democratic Republic of Congo Ethiopia Ghana India Kenya Kyrgyz Republic Liberia Malawi Mozambique Myanmar Nepal Nigeria Pakistan Rwanda Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa South Sudan Sudan Tajikistan … Continue reading “Data availability by country”
Programme Director Dirk Willem te Velde is the SET Director and is overall responsible for the running of the programme. He is a Senior Research Fellow and Head of the International Economic Development Group at ODI. He is the Research Lead for the DFID-ESRC Growth Research Programme. He has published widely on trade, investment and … Continue reading "Our Team"